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Tax Implications of Selling A Home

Selling a home can have a major impact on your federal and state tax returns

Check with your tax consultant on the factors that may affect taxes resulting from the sale of your home. For example:

  • Whether you purchased the home or acquired it by gift or inheritance
  • Whether you used your home partly for business or rental
  • Costs associated with selling your home
  • Home improvements or addition, which may help to offset capital gains
  • Gains from the sale of a prior home on which tax was postponed prior to the enactment of the federal Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997
    The federal Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997 says when you sell your home you can keep, tax free, capital gains of up to $500,000 if you are married filing jointly or $250,000 for single taxpayers or married filing separately. to quality for the exclusion, you must have used the home as your principle residence for at least two of the prior five years. It is not a one-time tax exclusion. You can use the exclusion as often as you meet the qualifications.

    The federal IRS Restructuring and Reform Act of 1998 further clarified the law and says you can prorate the $500,000/$250,000 exclusion (not your specific gain) if unforeseen events, such as a job change, illness, or some other hardship forced you to sell before you met the two-year residency requirement.
  • Many, but not all, federal tax benefits may also be available from state taax departments. Be sure to discuss your move with a tax professi8onal familiar with state tax rules, especially if you are moving from one state to another.

Adapted from the MetLife Consumer Education Center with assistance from the National Association of the Remodeling Industry.